||SOME DAYS IN
||The terrorist attacks on
September 11, 2001 on New York, Washington and Pennsylvania are already
history, but they changed the world profoundly and will remain lasting
stirring deeply in the hearts and minds of all of us.
This Memorial is installed to keep vivid
these memories of the horrible seconds, minutes, hours and days, the victims whether
surviving or dead. Everybody, whether artist or non-artist is invited to contribute an image, work or
text coming from the heart.
A War Without Conflict
Joaquin Barrera Lopez
Through media: 'Terrors attack America', 'Terrors hit
US', 'the myth of America was destroyed with the World
Trade Center in New York', 'It is the prestige,
arrogance and institutions of America that burn', 'The
attacks against U.S. Federal buildings were a natural
reaction to American rulers, hegemony, deception, and
foolishness', 'No shortage of volunteers for attacking
to US', 'America under Attack'
Suicide machines spawn war machines. Suddenly, we
encountered a huge amount of science fiction
literature; the symbolic power of America has been
interrupted by the swarming symbolic (both symbolic
and metaphoric) supremacy of Ayatollahs. Now, at this
critical point, we should reassess our visions
concerning that fluid essence which America and its
government were believed possess. We, the people of
the world, encountered the luminous fact whose
wrap-velocity switched on targeting our central
nervous systems; the fact which Americans experienced
Tuesday morning; that whose immanence exposition has
been assembled through absolute deterritorialisation:
'America is still solid, unyielding and frozen through
the concrete structure of stratificated organizations
through which the power of simulacra is launched,
representing everything as a big cosmic joke, a big
big fucking joke - the delusion of dynamic America.'
Besides, there is another viewpoint: regarding Deleuze
discussion of Masochism and re-territorialisation, the
America (as a body without organ) has been trapped in
handling itself over to transcendence; its immanence
and actual desire have collapsed into the rules,
partnerships and rearranged bodies.
America is still a body, not a Body Without Organs.
Accordingly, it is still on the route of dissolution,
namely, solid impossibility. Now, it is in a war which
is going to melt US transcendental architecture to
what in accordance with Deleuze should be named
filamentation of solid. The anonymous terrorists'
attack should be a filamentation which flies the near
static lines of the entire battlefield to the volcanic
lines of war which have no conflict at all in a
transcendental sense; they transform, deteriorate and
dislodge each other as they are intersecting, creating
the formless nodes of discontinuous intensity,
virtuality and disemboweled power. In such a war,
America has no chance of winning or the chance of
being survived (as Bush optimistically emphasizes on
winning or a good end). So far, the Muslim opponents
do not have any chance of winning as well. This is a
war which is all about losing and breakdown.
Nevertheless, there is a great difference between
those who name their failure a national catastrophe
and those who name it victory, between US government
which name their failure a total tragedy and those
Muslim antagonists which celebrate as they are losing
- an ultimate victory; a conquest which Nietzsche
describes in his 'Der Fall Wagner' concerning
Wagnerians who declare: Bene navigavi, cum naufragium
To be continued in the next essay, 'USA: A Septic
Joaquin Barrera Lopez, Spain, Seville
14 Sep. 2001
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There is not much time, if any.
To The Honorable Rudolph Giuliani, Mayor of New York.
We have seen over the past week how you have acted in the face of the
tragedy that has befallen the city of New York. Even those who have
been bothered or dissatisfied by your actions in the past have been
aware of how much you have been hurt, personally, by what has
happened, and of how well, how strongly, you have behaved.
You have led not by decree but by example; have shown how an
expression of weakness, of public grief, can be a sign of strength,
and have asked us to be strong, not in anger, and not is brash
responses, but in perseverance and in hope. It is in this regard
that we ask you to speak out against the coming war.
This country is about to commit an act of revenge against a
population that is in no position to defend itself. And we will
launch an unprecedented attack for the crimes of a few. This attack
will be both immoral and a grave strategic error. Osama Bin Laden has
few friends but many who feel sympathy for his anger. This is not
a time to debate the rights and wrongs of the state of Israel but to
allow that there is a painful history of discrimination and injustice
in Europe and the Middle East and that the consequences have been
violent and bloody.
The vast majority of people, including Muslims, conservative or
liberal, are shocked and saddened by what has happened. Now is not
the time to exacerbate the situation, to add fuel to the fire, but to
calm it. Bin Laden must be isolated even more than he is, and the only
way to do so is to state that we will not behave as he has, but act
Mayor Giuliani, you are the one person in the United States who has
not the political but the moral authority to try to put a stop to
this war. Speak out against revenge. Speak out for all of us as
you have spoken out for the people of New York. We are a multicultural
We have to learn to live together. We need peace
[Here is the full text of Bush's speech yesterday.John.]
President Bush's Address to Congress and the American People
Thursday, Sept. 20, 2001
THE PRESIDENT: Mr. Speaker, Mr. President Pro Tempore, members of Congress,
and fellow Americans:
In the normal course of events, presidents come to this chamber to report on
the state of the Union. Tonight, no such report is needed. It has already
been delivered by the American people.
We have seen it in the courage of passengers, who rushed terrorists to save
others on the ground - passengers like an exceptional man named Todd
Beamer. And would you please help me to welcome his wife, Lisa Beamer, here
We have seen the state of our Union in the endurance of rescuers, working
past exhaustion. We have seen the unfurling of flags, the lighting of
candles, the giving of blood, the saying of prayers - in English, Hebrew,
and Arabic. We have seen the decency of a loving and giving people who have
made the grief of strangers their own.
My fellow citizens, for the last nine days, the entire world has seen for
itself the state of our Union - and it is strong.
Tonight we are a country awakened to danger and called to defend freedom.
Our grief has turned to anger, and anger to resolution. Whether we bring
our enemies to justice, or bring justice to our enemies, justice will be
I thank the Congress for its leadership at such an important time. All of
America was touched on the evening of the tragedy to see Republicans and
Democrats joined together on the steps of this Capitol, singing "God Bless
America." And you did more than sing; you acted, by delivering $40 billion
to rebuild our communities and meet the needs of our military.
Speaker Hastert, Minority Leader Gephardt, Majority Leader Daschle and
Senator Lott, I thank you for your friendship, for your leadership and for
your service to our country. (Applause.)
And on behalf of the American people, I thank the world for its outpouring
of support. America will never forget the sounds of our National Anthem
playing at Buckingham Palace, on the streets of Paris, and at Berlin's
We will not forget South Korean children gathering to pray outside our
embassy in Seoul, or the prayers of sympathy offered at a mosque in Cairo.
We will not forget moments of silence and days of mourning in Australia and
Africa and Latin America.
Nor will we forget the citizens of 80 other nations who died with our own:
dozens of Pakistanis; more than 130 Israelis; more than 250 citizens of
India; men and women from El Salvador, Iran, Mexico and Japan; and hundreds
of British citizens. America has no truer friend than Great Britain.
(Applause.) Once again, we are joined together in a great cause - so
honored the British Prime Minister has crossed an ocean to show his unity
of purpose with America. Thank you for coming, friend. (Applause.)
On September the 11th, enemies of freedom committed an act of war against
our country. Americans have known wars - but for the past 136 years, they
have been wars on foreign soil, except for one Sunday in 1941. Americans
have known the casualties of war - but not at the center of a great city on
a peaceful morning. Americans have known surprise attacks - but never
before on thousands of civilians. All of this was brought upon us in a
single day - and night fell on a different world, a world where freedom
itself is under attack.
Americans have many questions tonight. Americans are asking: Who attacked
our country? The evidence we have gathered all points to a collection of
loosely affiliated terrorist organizations known as al Qaeda. They are the
same murderers indicted for bombing American embassies in Tanzania and
Kenya, and responsible for bombing the USS Cole.
Al Qaeda is to terror what the mafia is to crime. But its goal is not
making money; its goal is remaking the world - and imposing its radical
beliefs on people everywhere.
The terrorists practice a fringe form of Islamic extremism that has been
rejected by Muslim scholars and the vast majority of Muslim clerics - a
fringe movement that perverts the peaceful teachings of Islam. The
terrorists' directive commands them to kill Christians and Jews, to kill
all Americans, and make no distinction among military and civilians,
including women and children.
This group and its leader - a person named Osama bin Laden - are linked to
many other organizations in different countries, including the Egyptian
Islamic Jihad and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan. There are thousands
of these terrorists in more than 60 countries. They are recruited from
their own nations and neighborhoods and brought to camps in places like
Afghanistan, where they are trained in the tactics of terror. They are sent
back to their homes or sent to hide in countries around the world to plot
evil and destruction.
The leadership of al Qaeda has great influence in Afghanistan and supports
the Taliban regime in controlling most of that country. In Afghanistan, we
see al Qaeda's vision for the world.
Afghanistan's people have been brutalized - many are starving and many have
fled. Women are not allowed to attend school. You can be jailed for owning
a television. Religion can be practiced only as their leaders dictate. A
man can be jailed in Afghanistan if his beard is not long enough.
The United States respects the people of Afghanistan - after all, we are
currently its largest source of humanitarian aid - but we condemn the
Taliban regime. (Applause.) It is not only repressing its own people, it is
threatening people everywhere by sponsoring and sheltering and supplying
terrorists. By aiding and abetting murder, the Taliban regime is committing
And tonight, the United States of America makes the following demands on
the Taliban: Deliver to United States authorities all the leaders of al
Qaeda who hide in your land. (Applause.) Release all foreign nationals,
including American citizens, you have unjustly imprisoned. Protect foreign
journalists, diplomats and aid workers in your country. Close immediately
and permanently every terrorist training camp in Afghanistan, and hand over
every terrorist, and every person in their support structure, to
appropriate authorities. (Applause.) Give the United States full access to
terrorist training camps, so we can make sure they are no longer operating.
These demands are not open to negotiation or discussion. (Applause.) The
Taliban must act, and act immediately. They will hand over the terrorists,
or they will share in their fate.
I also want to speak tonight directly to Muslims throughout the world. We
respect your faith. It's practiced freely by many millions of Americans,
and by millions more in countries that America counts as friends. Its
teachings are good and peaceful, and those who commit evil in the name of
Allah blaspheme the name of Allah. (Applause.) The terrorists are traitors
to their own faith, trying, in effect, to hijack Islam itself. The enemy of
America is not our many Muslim friends; it is not our many Arab friends.
Our enemy is a radical network of terrorists, and every government that
supports them. (Applause.)
Our war on terror begins with al Qaeda, but it does not end there. It will
not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped
and defeated. (Applause.)
Americans are asking, why do they hate us? They hate what we see right here
in this chamber - a democratically elected government. Their leaders are
self-appointed. They hate our freedoms - our freedom of religion, our
freedom of speech, our freedom to vote and assemble and disagree with each
They want to overthrow existing governments in many Muslim countries, such
as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Jordan. They want to drive Israel out of the
Middle East. They want to drive Christians and Jews out of vast regions of
Asia and Africa.
These terrorists kill not merely to end lives, but to disrupt and end a way
of life. With every atrocity, they hope that America grows fearful,
retreating from the world and forsaking our friends. They stand against us,
because we stand in their way.
We are not deceived by their pretenses to piety. We have seen their kind
before. They are the heirs of all the murderous ideologies of the 20th
century. By sacrificing human life to serve their radical visions - by
abandoning every value except the will to power - they follow in the path
of fascism, and Nazism, and totalitarianism. And they will follow that path
all the way, to where it ends: in history's unmarked grave of discarded
Americans are asking: How will we fight and win this war? We will direct
every resource at our command - every means of diplomacy, every tool of
intelligence, every instrument of law enforcement, every financial
influence, and every necessary weapon of war - to the disruption and to the
defeat of the global terror network.
This war will not be like the war against Iraq a decade ago, with a
decisive liberation of territory and a swift conclusion. It will not look
like the air war above Kosovo two years ago, where no ground troops were
used and not a single American was lost in combat.
Our response involves far more than instant retaliation and isolated
strikes. Americans should not expect one battle, but a lengthy campaign,
unlike any other we have ever seen. It may include dramatic strikes,
visible on TV, and covert operations, secret even in success. We will
starve terrorists of funding, turn them one against another, drive them
from place to place, until there is no refuge or no rest. And we will
pursue nations that provide aid or safe haven to terrorism. Every nation,
in every region, now has a decision to make. Either you are with us, or you
are with the terrorists. (Applause.) From this day forward, any nation that
continues to harbor or support terrorism will be regarded by the United
States as a hostile regime.
Our nation has been put on notice: We are not immune from attack. We will
take defensive measures against terrorism to protect Americans. Today,
dozens of federal departments and agencies, as well as state and local
governments, have responsibilities affecting homeland security. These
efforts must be coordinated at the highest level. So tonight I announce the
creation of a Cabinet-level position reporting directly to me - the Office
of Homeland Security.
And tonight I also announce a distinguished American to lead this effort,
to strengthen American security: a military veteran, an effective governor,
a true patriot, a trusted friend - Pennsylvania's Tom Ridge. (Applause.) He
will lead, oversee and coordinate a comprehensive national strategy to
safeguard our country against terrorism, and respond to any attacks that
These measures are essential. But the only way to defeat terrorism as a
threat to our way of life is to stop it, eliminate it, and destroy it where
it grows. (Applause.)
Many will be involved in this effort, from FBI agents to intelligence
operatives to the reservists we have called to active duty. All deserve
our thanks, and all have our prayers. And tonight, a few miles from the
damaged Pentagon, I have a message for our military: Be ready. I've called
the Armed Forces to alert, and there is a reason. The hour is coming when
America will act, and you will make us proud. (Applause.)
This is not, however, just America's fight. And what is at stake is not
just America's freedom. This is the world's fight. This is civilization's
fight. This is the fight of all who believe in progress and pluralism,
tolerance and freedom.
We ask every nation to join us. We will ask, and we will need, the help of
police forces, intelligence services, and banking systems around the world.
The United States is grateful that many nations and many international
organizations have already responded - with sympathy and with support.
Nations from Latin America, to Asia, to Africa, to Europe, to the Islamic
world. Perhaps the NATO Charter reflects best the attitude of the world: An
attack on one is an attack on all.
The civilized world is rallying to America's side. They understand that if
this terror goes unpunished, their own cities, their own citizens may be
next. Terror, unanswered, can not only bring down buildings, it can
threaten the stability of legitimate governments. And you know what - we're
not going to allow it. (Applause.)
Americans are asking: What is expected of us? I ask you to live your lives,
and hug your children. I know many citizens have fears tonight, and I ask
you to be calm and resolute, even in the face of a continuing threat.
I ask you to uphold the values of America, and remember why so many have
come here. We are in a fight for our principles, and our first
responsibility is to live by them. No one should be singled out for unfair
treatment or unkind words because of their ethnic background or religious
I ask you to continue to support the victims of this tragedy with your
contributions. Those who want to give can go to a central source of
information, libertyunites.org, to find the names of groups providing
direct help in New York, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.
The thousands of FBI agents who are now at work in this investigation may
need your cooperation, and I ask you to give it.
I ask for your patience, with the delays and inconveniences that may
accompany tighter security; and for your patience in what will be a long
I ask your continued participation and confidence in the American economy.
Terrorists attacked a symbol of American prosperity. They did not touch its
source. America is successful because of the hard work, and creativity, and
enterprise of our people. These were the true strengths of our economy
before September 11th, and they are our strengths today. (Applause.)
And, finally, please continue praying for the victims of terror and their
families, for those in uniform, and for our great country. Prayer has
comforted us in sorrow, and will help strengthen us for the journey ahead.
Tonight I thank my fellow Americans for what you have already done and for
what you will do. And ladies and gentlemen of the Congress, I thank you,
their representatives, for what you have already done and for what we will
Tonight, we face new and sudden national challenges. We will come together
to improve air safety, to dramatically expand the number of air marshals on
domestic flights, and take new measures to prevent hijacking. We will come
together to promote stability and keep our airlines flying, with direct
assistance during this emergency. (Applause.)
We will come together to give law enforcement the additional tools it needs
to track down terror here at home. (Applause.) We will come together to
strengthen our intelligence capabilities to know the plans of terrorists
before they act, and find them before they strike. (Applause.)
We will come together to take active steps that strengthen America's
economy, and put our people back to work.
Tonight we welcome two leaders who embody the extraordinary spirit of all
New Yorkers: Governor George Pataki, and Mayor Rudolph Giuliani.
(Applause.) As a symbol of America's resolve, my administration will work
with Congress, and these two leaders, to show the world that we will
rebuild New York City. (Applause.)
After all that has just passed - all the lives taken, and all the
possibilities and hopes that died with them - it is natural to wonder if
America's future is one of fear. Some speak of an age of terror. I know
there are struggles ahead, and dangers to face. But this country will
define our times, not be defined by them. As long as the United States of
America is determined and strong, this will not be an age of terror; this
will be an age of liberty, here and across the world. (Applause.)
Great harm has been done to us. We have suffered great loss. And in our
grief and anger we have found our mission and our moment. Freedom and fear
are at war. The advance of human freedom - the great achievement of our
time, and the great hope of every time - now depends on us. Our nation -
this generation - will lift a dark threat of violence from our people and
our future. We will rally the world to this cause by our efforts, by our
courage. We will not tire, we will not falter, and we will not fail.
It is my hope that in the months and years ahead, life will return almost
to normal. We'll go back to our lives and routines, and that is good. Even
grief recedes with time and grace. But our resolve must not pass. Each of
us will remember what happened that day, and to whom it happened. We'll
remember the moment the news came - where we were and what we were doing.
Some will remember an image of a fire, or a story of rescue. Some will
carry memories of a face and a voice gone forever.
And I will carry this: It is the police shield of a man named George
Howard, who died at the World Trade Center trying to save others. It was
given to me by his mom, Arlene, as a proud memorial to her son. This is my
reminder of lives that ended, and a task that does not end. (Applause.)
I will not forget this wound to our country or those who inflicted it. I
will not yield; I will not rest; I will not relent in waging
this struggle for freedom and security for the American people.
The course of this conflict is not known, yet its outcome is certain.
Freedom and fear, justice and cruelty, have always been at war, and we know
that God is not neutral between them. (Applause.)
Fellow citizens, we'll meet violence with patient justice - assured of the
rightness of our cause, and confident of the victories to come. In all that
lies before us, may God grant us wisdom, and may He watch over the United
States of America.
Thank you. (Applause.)
||24 September>From a lecture entitled "Science and war" in "The
Impact of Science on Society" (London: Unwin Hyman,
1952). 49 years ago.
The right to make war, like the right to strike, but
in a far higher degree, is very dangerous in a world
governed by scientific technique. Neither can be
simply abolished, since that would open the road to
tyranny. But in each case it must be recognised that
groups cannot, in the name of freedom, justly claim
the right to inflict great injuries upon others. As
regards war, the principle of unrestricted national
sovereignty, cherished by liberals in the nineteenth
century and by the Kremlin in the present day, must be
abandoned. Means must be found of subjecting the
relations of nations to the rule of law, so that a
single nation will no longer be, as at present, the
judge in its own cause. If this is not done, the
world will quickly return to barbarism. In that case,
scientific technique will disappear along with
science, and men will be able to go on being
quarrelsome because their quarrels will no longer do
much harm. It is, however, just possible that mankind
may prefer to survive and prosper rather than to
perish in misery, and, if so, national liberty will
have to be effectively restrained.
The atom bomb, and still more the hydrogen bomb, have
caused new fears, involving new doubts as to the
effects of science on human life. Some eminent
authorities, including Einstein, have pointed out that
there is a danger of the extinction of all life on
this planet. I do not myself think that this will
happen in the next war, but I think it may well happen
in the next but one, if that is allowed to occur. If
this expectation is correct, we have to choose within
the next fifty years or so between two alternatives.
Either we must allow the human race to exterminate
itself, or we must forgo certain liberties which are
very dear to us, more especially the liberty to kill
foreigners whenever we feel so disposed. I think it
probable that mankind will choose its own
extermination as the preferable alternative. The
choice will be made, of course, by persuading
ourselves that it is not being made, since (so
militarists on both sides will say) the victory of the
right is certain without risk of universal disaster.
We are perhaps living in the last age of man, and, if
so, it is to science that he will owe his extinction.
If, however, the human race decides to let itself go
on living, it will have to make very drastic changes
in its ways of thinking, feeling and behaving. We
must learn not to say: 'Never! better death than
dishonour!' We must learn to submit to law, even when
imposed by aliens whom we hate and despise, and whom
we believe to be blind to all considerations of
righteousness. Consider some concrete examples. Jews
and Arabs will have to agree to submit to arbitration;
if the award goes against the Jews, the President of
the United States will have to ensure the victory of
the party to which he is opposed, since, if he
supports the international authority, he will lose the
Jewish vote in new York State. On the other hand, if
the award goes in favour of the Jews, the Mohammedan
world will be indignant, and will be supported by all
other malcontents. Or, to take another instance,
Eire, will demand the right to oppress the Protestants
of Ulster, and on this issue the United States will
support Eire while Britain will support Ulster. Could
an international authority survive such a dissension?
Again: India and Pakistan cannot agree about Kashmir,
therefore one of them must support Russia and the
other the United States. It will be obvious to anyone
who is an interested party in one of these disputes
that the issue is far more important than the
continuance of life on our planet. The hope that the
human race will allow itself to survive is therefore
But if human life *is* to continue in spite of
science, mankind will have to learn a discipline of
the passions which, in the past, has not been
necessary. Men will have to submit to the law, even
when they think the law unjust and iniquitous.
Nations which are persuaded that they are only
demanding the barest justice will have to acquiesce
when this demand is denied the by the neutral
authority. I do not say that this is easy; I do not
prophesy that it will happen; I say only that if it
does not happen the human race will perish , and will
perish as a result of science.
A clear choice must be made within fifty years, the
choice between Reason and Death. And by 'Reason' I
mean willingness to submit to law as declared by an
international authority. I fear that mankind may
choose Death. I hope I am mistaken.
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